With focus on job creation, the Centre has suggested that the states should incentivise industries in employment-intensive sectors and promote industrial activities like agro-processing sectors in rural India as these areas have the potential to create 11.92 crore new jobs by 2022.
In a recent presentation to the governors on creating jobs for the youth with special focus on skill development for school drop-outs, the ministry said suggestions have also been made to adopt and learn good practices from other states to improve living condition of unorganised sector workers.
The labour ministry believes that 11.92 crore youth would need to be skilled by 2022 to fill in the potential job requirement from areas like real estate, retail, transportation, beauty & wellness and others.
The Centre has also asked the states to arrange periodic job fairs at the district level to help potential candidates find jobs. It has also suggested using spare infrastructure facilities in skilling activities and set up multi-skilling training centres. The need for targeted training and counseling for overseas employment has also been highlighted.
India had around 47.3 crore workforce as on 2011-12, but 82% of them are engaged in the unorganised sector. However, only 1.9% of them have technical education. Over 70% of them are rural workforce and 52% of them are engaged in self-employment. Females constitute 27% of the workforce. Employment generation is a key priority for the present government. It has taken many a new initiatives like Make in India, Skill India, Start-up India and Smart City project to boost economy with more decent jobs and inclusive growth.
The government has also embarked on labour reforms by merging 44 extant Acts into four codes aimed at enhancing employment by providing a conducive work environment.