As the government undertakes massive consultations to enact a new national education policy with focus on the changing dynamics of people’s requirements, its job is just getting tougher by the day.
As the government undertakes massive consultations to enact a new national education policy with focus on the changing dynamics of people’s requirements, its job is just getting tougher by the day. As per the latest findings of the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO), more than 70% of males in the age group of 5-29 years had to leave studies in any institution to “supplement household incomes”, while over a half of females blamed having to “attend to domestic chores” for dropping out.
The survey on the ‘Status of Education and Vocational Training India’, conducted between July 2011 and June 2012, revealed that as many as 27% of those surveyed in rural areas and 26.4% in urban India never went to schools as education wasn’t “considered necessary”, pointing at the stark reality of a country slated to become the world’s fastest-growing large economy this year.
The overall literacy rate during the year through June 2012, however, was 74.7% across the country—70% in rural areas and 86% in urban areas, showed the survey.
Still, only 2.2% people in the age group of 15-59 years reported to have received formal vocational training and only 8.6% said they had received non-formal vocational training, as per the study conducted by the ministry of statistics and programme implementation. The vocational training level in rural India, expectedly, is trailing that in the urban areas.
Only 1.6% of males and 0.9% of females in rural areas reported to have received formal vocational education, compared with almost 5% of males and 3.3% of females in urban regions. Similarly, 11.1% of males and 5.5% of females in rural India admitted they got informal vocational training, while for the urban areas, the figures were 13.7% and 4.3%, respectively.
This suggests why the Narendra Modi government’s push for skill development deserves utmost attention.