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India has enough fiscal space to clinch world’s fastest growing economy title from China, says Economic Survey 2022

Gross domestic product is expected to grow by 8%-8.5% in the year starting April after likely expanding 9.2% in the current year, according to the Economic Survey — an annual report card on the economy — presented in Parliament by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman Monday.

India has enough fiscal space to clinch world’s fastest growing economy title from China, says Economic Survey 2022
GDP is expected to grow by 8%-8.5% in the year starting April, according to the Economic Survey. Image: Bloomberg

India has the fiscal space to do more to support the economy, poised to wrest the title of the world’s fastest-growing major one from China and keep it for at least another two years, according to a government document. Gross domestic product is expected to grow by 8%-8.5% in the year starting April after likely expanding 9.2% in the current year, according to the Economic Survey — an annual report card on the economy — presented in Parliament by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman Monday. The International Monetary Fund predicts it will keep the momentum in the following year as well.

Quickest Expansion

Growth will be supported by “widespread vaccine coverage, gains from supply-side reforms and easing of regulations, robust export growth, and availability of fiscal space to ramp up capital spending,” the survey said. The survey expectations for the next fiscal year are conservative compared to the 9% expansion seen by IMF. The government document was unveiled a day ahead of Sitharaman presenting the nation’s federal budget for the next fiscal year when she’s expected to announce plans to boost spending to revive investment and create jobs.

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“The projection is based on the assumption that there will be no further debilitating pandemic related economic disruption, monsoon will be normal, withdrawal of global liquidity by major central banks will be orderly,” according to the survey. It also depends on oil price being in the range of $70-$75 a barrel and global supply chain disruptions easing. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s administration is under pressure to support growth as the central bank, which has thus far done much of the heavy-lifting to support the economy, begins dialing back some of its pandemic-era stimulus.

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First published on: 31-01-2022 at 13:26 IST