Food Corporation of India (FCI), the nodal agency for procurement and distribution of foodgrains, and state agencies had procured 37.35 million tonne in the year-ago period.
Although wheat marketing year runs from April to March, the entire procurement exercise generally gets over by June.
The lower procurement than targeted could, however, address the storage problems being faced by the government.
According to the FCI data, the arrival of wheat in mandies have dropped by 28.23% so far in 2013-14 at 29.16 million tonne as compared to 40.63 million tonne in the year-ago period.
An FCI official attributed the lower arrival of wheat to the aggressive buying by private traders at a higher price than the government's minimum support price (MSP) of Rs 1,350 per quintal.
The farmers are getting better rates from traders in the range of Rs 1,500-1,600 per tonne, the official said. "The procurement process is almost complete and it is unlikely that the total figure would cross 26 million tonne in 2013-14 marketing year," he added.
FCI and state agencies had procured a record 38.14 million tonne in the entire 2012-13 marketing year. According to the third advance estimate of agriculture ministry, wheat production is projected to decline to 93.62 million tonne in 2012-13 crop year as against record 94.88 million tonne in the previous year.
At the beginning of the marketing year, the food ministry had set a procurement target of 44 million tonne, which was later scaled down to 33 million tonne, with now even that looking difficult to achieve.
As per the data, the maximum fall in the procurement this season has been registered in Uttar Pradesh, where so far government has procured 6,82,433 tonne of wheat against 4.8 million tonne in the corresponding period of previous year.
Punjab and Haryana, the major wheat growing and procuring states, have also witnessed dip in procurement.
So far, 10.88 million tonne of wheat has been procured in Punjab and 5.87 million tonne in Haryana as against 12.82 million tonne and 8.66 million tonnes, respectively, during the last season.