The source of the airbags was not immediately clear. The recall coincides with a lawsuit against Takata Corp, a Japanese company whose potentially defective airbags have led to the recall of millions of vehicles.
The Audi recall also comes less than two weeks after Volkswagen said it would call back more than 580,000 cars in China to fix a possible suspension defect.
The recall involves 4,692 imported Audi A4 all-road cars and 265,943 China-made Audi A4L cars produced between May 25, 2012 and Oct 22, 2014, China's General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine said in a statement on its website.
Some of the cars to be recalled have software configuration problems in the airbag control systems, so in certain circumstances of collision, air bags cannot open, according to the statement.
An Audi China spokeswoman confirmed the recall, but said she could not immediately comment on the issue.