The number of employed males per 1000 persons for the three metros in 1999-2000 was 743, 764 and 780 respectively. Women employment has, however, increased in Kolkata from 187 to 190 during the period. The number of usually employed women declined in Chennai and Delhi from 260 in 1999-2000 to 168 in 2004-05 and from 147 to 112 during the same period. Male employment has, however, increased in other class I cities like Mumbai, Surat, Hyderabad and Bangalore in 2004-05.
The unemployment rate in 27 major cities has, however, declined by two percentage points during 1999-2000 and 2004-05. The rate of unemployed men and women in Class-I cities (with over one million population) dropped by a uniform 2% to the level of three and four per cent respectively in 2004-05, as per Employment and unemployment situation in cities and towns in India 2004-05 survey.
The survey says in Class-I cities, the regular employees outnumbered self-employed and casual labours. But in Class-II and Class-III towns the proportion of self-employed persons was higher.