*Check Live Updates: BSE Sensex
The combined estimated employee benefits covering 94 of the BSE 100 companies rose from about Rs 3.6 lakh crore in the previous year (which covered 99 companies), a study by professional services firm Towers Watson said.
The findings are part of the firm's Employee Benefits Accounting and Risk Study of the financial statements of BSE 100 companies.
"Against the backdrop of an uncertain and dynamic macro-economic environment, Indian companies are increasingly becoming cautious and conscious about financial facets of employee benefits," Towers Watson India Actuary and Director - Client Account Management Kulin Patel said.
According to the report, companies today have greater clarity and understanding about valuation of employee benefits amid changing economic environment, evolving accounting standards and increased auditor scrutiny.
"Consequently, unfunded employee benefits liabilities have seen a marked decrease over last 6 years with corporate liability for long term employee benefits now being better funded, a trend that is likely to continue with more companies disclosing liabilities for benefit plans," Patel said.
The unfunded employee benefit liabilities have decreased from 32 per cent to 12 per cent in a span of just 6 years, the report said.
Further, the combined overall funding of the total defined benefits liabilities has steadily increased from 86 per cent in 2011 to 88 per cent in 2013, suggesting that a significant portion of the corporate liability is now better funded than what it was a year ago.
Moreover, defined benefits pension continues to be the biggest contributor to total liabilities at 47 per cent.
The survey said the number of BSE 100 companies providing leave benefits has increased to 88 per cent in 2013 as against 78 per cent in 2012.