The highest share (16%) of total employment in manufacturing in 2009-10 was in the Tamil Nadu, followed by Maharashtra (12.8%), Gujarat (9.8%), Andhra Pradesh (9.6%), Karnataka (7.5%), Uttar Pradesh (6.5%) and Haryana (5%).
Among the states, then highest number of factories were in Tamil Nadu (16.9%), followed by Maharashtra (12.2%), Andhra Pradesh (10.8%) and Gujarat (9.8%).
The survey revealed that total number of estimated factories for 2009-10 stood at 1.58 lakh, 2.3% higher than the previous year. Among the industries, highest number of factories were observed in 'food products' category, accounting for 16.5% of the total factories. It was followed by 'other non-metallic mineral products' accounting for 11% and textiles, 8.4%.
At the India level, fixed capital in current prices grew 28% in 2009-10, as a against 25% in the last year.
Highest fixed capital formation depicting the new investments was seen in the 'basic metals' industry with 21% growth, followed by 'coke and refined petroleum products' at 10.7%. Among the states, Gujarat scored above others with highest fixed capital share of 17.7%, followed by Maharashtra at 14.6% and Tamil Nadu
The survey reveals in 2009-10, a factory with an average investment of Rs 8.5 crore, provided gainful employment to 74 persons, produced goods and services worth Rs 23.43 crore at at ex-factory (including excise duty) price, and contributed over Rs 3.66 crore to national income.
The field work for the country-wide survey was carried out during 2010-11 with a reference period being fiscal year 2009-10. Total sample size of the survey was 61,080 which represented about 30% of the total population.
The CSO adopted stratified circular sampling procedure for the survey.
The government could create only one million jobs against the target of 50 million jobs during the 11th Plan period that ends March 31, 2012. It has now set a daring target of creating 60 million jobs during the 12th Five Year Plan.
UPA government is working to provide due importance to build human resources through appropriate Skill Development, specially to take advantage of demographic profile of the country. As a step towards this, the government unveiled a new Manufacturing Policy that promises 100 million new jobs.