A 12% levy on services such as construction and upkeep of highways, bridges, airports, metro rail networks, post-harvest storage infrastructure, mechanised food grain handling systems and possibly even low-cost housing projects would add to the cost of these services, experts said.
Currently, commercial real estate projects are the chief source of service tax revenue from the construction sector for the Centre.
The Centres service tax revenue had grown at just 15% in April-August this year compared with the targetted growth of 31% for the full year.
The governments move to do away with the exemption for a slew of infrastructure services would appear to be at variance with the thrust being given to infrastructure investments, but tax experts said the industries concerned wont really bear the brunt of the decision. This is because the new tax on their outputs would allow them to more efficiently utilise their input tax credits. It would, however, result in an additional tax burden on users of these infrastructure facilities.
At present, real estate activities are subject to service tax but not infrastructure development services such as construction of roads, bridges and airports. If infrastructure services are subject to service tax, the real impact for developers would be on the net value addition as they would get credit for the taxes paid on the inputs, said R Muralidharan, Executive Director, PwC India.
This means the additional tax revenue for the government from the move would be significant but much less than the figure derived from applying the levy on the total value of the output.
Sources privy to the governments plan said that bringing infrastructure services under service tax would not only widen the base of this levy but also help in keeping exemptions to the minimum to facilitate an easy transition to the proposed Goods and Services Tax (GST). Under GST, businesses could utilise credit for the taxes previously paid on raw materials and services for meeting their final output tax liability, for which it is essential for the output of an industry to be within the tax net.
Besides air and sea ports, railways, metro rail, single residential houses and low cost housing projects, exempted services also include construction of post harvest storage infrastructure and mechanized food grain handling systems. Construction and maintenance of civil structures, roads, bridges, tunnel, terminals and projects under certain welfare schemes like JNNURM and Rajiv Awaas Yojana (RAY) are also exempted from service tax now. The revenue departments current thinking is to bring all these services under the tax net, although a final decision on the more sensitive among them (like JNNURM and RAY) would be taken by the finance minister Arun Jaitley.
The current output of the sectors as well as the investments going into them indicate the new levy could be a major source of revenue for the exchequer. Construction sector had an output of Rs 4.2 lakh crore in 2013-14, (7.4% of the countrys GDP) as per the provisional estimate of national income released by the government. According to an EY report, private companies alone invested $225 billion into infrastructure sector in India between 2007 and 2013.
Infrastructure services is a major beneficiary of service tax exemption. A strong case for withdrawing this facility was made by the Kelkar Committee on fiscal consolidation, said a person privy to the discussions in the government. Due to this exemption, taxes on raw materials and services availed get embedded into the cost of the infrastructure resulting in higher project cost, Kelkar had said.
At present, there are 39 items including specified infrastructure services are exempt from service tax in addition to a negative list of 17 items on which this levy is not applicable.
This move would add to the cost of infrastructure which is already very high for the users to afford, said Hemant Kanoria, chairman & managing director of Srei Infrastructure Finance.