As per the agreement, a WTO member may take a safeguard action (i.e. restrict imports of a product temporarily) to protect a specific domestic industry from increase in imports of any product which is causing or which is threatening to cause serious injury to industry.
According to statistics on safeguard actions notified by WTO members during January 1, 1995 to June 30, 2005 released by the WTO secretariat, India notified a total of 15 initiations. Chile, Jordan and the United States followed with 10 initiations each. The Czech Republic was third with nine initiations.