On the last occasion, the decision took was largely influenced by external sector considerations. WPI was showing downward sign and non-food manufacturing inflation was below 3%.
But the pressure on rupee prevented the RBI to go in that direction (of policy easing) and it took a pause. And therefore, if the pressure on the rupee eases, then it will give greater room for the RBI, Rangarajan told reporters on the sidelines of an event. He was speaking on the occasion of Statistics Day.
The rupee plunged to an all-time low of over R60 against US dollar on June 26 due to capital outflows.
However, it showed recovery and closed at 59.39 on Friday amid signs of strong fund inflows and hopes the US Federal Reserve may not pull back its quantitative easing programme. The rupee went down but then it also recovered very much in the last two days. I think capital flows come back and I think the rupee will get further strengthening, Rangarajan said.
RBI in its mid-quarter policy review earlier this month had kept both the repo rate and cash reserve ratio unchanged at 7.25% and 4%, respectively on the back of high food inflation, rupee depreciation and uncertainty over foreign fund inflows.
In reply to a separate question on recent revision in government data on IIP, he said there are issues with respect to certain data series which need relook.
Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is one series which needs careful relook. I understand a committee has been set up in order to look at it. We need to find out the new weight that can be attached to the various commodities... new commodities come into production therefore relook is required, he said.
In his address on the Statistics Day, he said there is also a need to find new sources of data and strengthen the Indian statistical system, particularly labour and employment statistics.
We must exploit many data sources... like use of data from the revenue department. We need to go beyond sample surveys. We need to create more data on employment and unemployment at various educational levels, he said.
Further, he said, employability has become a critical issue and there is a need to find out the gaps in relation to different economic activities.