Compared to 1990, the greenhouse gas emissions of 40 developed nations including former Communist states were down 5.9 percent by 2003, slightly exceeding a goal of a cut of 5.2% by 2008-12 set by the UNs Kyoto protocol. Further efforts are required to sustain these reductions and to cut the emissions further, the Bonn-based Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), of which Kyoto is a part, said in a report.
It projected that emissions could rise by 10.6 percent above 1990 levels by 2010, cautioning that most of the overall reductions dated from the early 1990s when smokestack industries in the former Soviet Union and eastern Europe shut down.
Greenhouse gas projections indicate the possibility of emission growth by 2010. It means that ensuring sustained and deeper emission reductions remains a challenge for developed countries, said Richard Kinley, acting head of the Secretariat.
A UN meeting in Montreal, Canada, from Nov 28-Dec 9 will review Kyoto and ways to widen it to non-participants including the United States and developing nations like China and India when it runs out in 2012. Many scientists say that a build-up of greenhouse gases from power plants, factories and cars are driving up temperatures and could cause catastrophic climate changes with more storms, floods, deserts and rising sea levels.
According to the UNFCCC data, Lithuania had made the deepest cuts at 66.2 percent below 1990 levels in 2003, followed by Baltic neighbours Latvia on 58.5% and Estonia on 50.8%. Among other countries below 1990 levels, Russias emissions were down 38.5 percent, Germanys down 18.2%, Britains down 13% and Frances down 1.9%. At the other end of the scale, Spain was furthest above target with a 41.7 % rise in emissions above 1990 in 2003, followed by Monaco at 37.8 %, Portugal 36.7%, Greece 25.8 and Ireland 25.6%.