An estimated 62% of the net irrigated area was devoted to cereal crops during the kharif season in the year 2003, while in the rabi season, it was 69%. The estimated net irrigated area for cereals amounted to 2.4 million hectares in the kharif season, and 2.5 million hectares in the rabi season.
According to the report, Uttar Pradesh had the largest net area under irrigation for cereals, both, in the rabi and the kharif seasons, with 0.76 million hectares irrigated in the rabi season and 0.58 million hectares in the kharif season. Bihar followed, with 0.33 million hectares of cereal cropland irrigated in the kharif season while Madhya Pradesh had 0.31 million hectares of the same irrigated in the rabi season.
Amongst the non-cereal crops, sugarcane enjoyed the largest net irrigated area during the kharif season at 2.9 million hectares, closely followed by oilseeds at 2.4 million hectares.
|Net Irrigated Area: |
Cereal crops got major part, with 69% in the rabi season
Uttar Pradesh had largest such area
for cereals in both the seasons
Sugarcane in the kharif season, and pulses in the rabi season got largest area amongst non-cereal crops
For oilseeds, Madhya Pradesh had maximum cropland under irrigation in the kharif season, while in the rabi season, Rajasthan topped the list.
According to the report, tubewells were a major source of irrigation both in the rabi and the kharif season for most states. Land irrigated by tubewells accounted for 60% of total irrigated land in the rabi season and 50% in the kharif season. Wells followed next, irrigating 19% of the land in the kharif season and 16% in the rabi season. Rivers and springs irrigated just 4-5% of the total irrigated land.