Nani Ardeshir Palkhivala
In a career spanning 5 decades, Mr Palkhivala served as a director of the Tata group of companies for a number of years, was a multi-faceted personality, was Indias foremost lawyer, the custodian of the Indian Constitution, a renowned speaker, philanthropist and a distinguished ambassador.
Elected in 1975, as an honorary member of the Academy of Political Science, New York, in 1977, Mr Palkhivala was appointed the Indian ambassador to the US. In June 1978, Princeton University, US, conferred on him the honorary degree of doctor of laws, while Lawrence university, Wisconsin, conferred him, the honorary degree of doctor of laws, while the University of Bombay conferred on him the same degree in 1988.
Mr Palkhivala was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in January 1998.
Mr Palkhivala wrote several books on tax laws including The law and practice of income tax. He also co-authored a book on Taxation in India, published by Harvard university in the world tax series. He has also written books on the Indian constitution.
Born on January 16, 1920, Mr Palkhivala spent his childhood in Tardeo and Nana Chowk in Mumbai, the metropolis he chose as his laboratory for charting an incredible career graph starting with post-budget speeches in 1958 which drew national attention.
His lectures, interspersed with wit and humour and references from history and mythology, made him a much-adored figure.