The intent of the study, the sources said, is not to promote the adoption of an alternative to the existing sales tax plan, which Finance Minister Taro Aso has said will be implemented as is.
Rather, the aim is to guide the government in deciding how best to cope with the impact of the tax increase, including adopting a supplementary budget, as it tries to balance its countervailing goals of reining in a bloated public debt while pulling the economy from its decades-long deflation.
Abe has said he will decide this autumn how to proceed with the sales tax increase. The Abe government's aggressive reflationary policies, dubbed "Abenomics", have spurred one of the stock market's sharpest rallies in decades but doubts linger whether it can achieve a sustainable recovery, with wages and jobs data yet to show convincing gains.
Three sales tax scenarios will likely be reviewed by the Council on Economic and Fiscal Policy, a panel of top government and private sector officials, and possibly by a separate, newly established panel of experts as well, the sources said. Their discussions will include an examination of second-quarter GDP data, due for release on Aug. 12.
The three scenarios include: the plan under current law to raise the sales tax rate to 8 percent from 5 percent in April 2014 and further to 10 percent in October 2015; to raise the rate by 2 percent in the first step, and in increments of 1 percent thereafter; and, to raise it 1 percent annually.