The flow of central assistance to the state during the previous Plan was as low as 52.47 per cent of the estimated amount mostly due to under-realisation of earmarked allocation for specific schemes and externally aided projects (EAPs). The state has made a provision of about 15 per cent of the proposed outlay of the Tenth Plan to finance ongoing and new EAPs.
The agriculture and allied activities sector recorded marked progress during the Ninth Plan. Although production of pulses has declined in the recent years due to shrinkage in area, production of cotton and sugarcane has picked up in the last three years. Progress has also been recorded in fruit production, vegetables and floriculture.
In the Tenth Plan, the state plans to lay emphasis on more intensive use of modern inputs, improved seeds, technical upgradation and support services and also utilise the services of the Haryana Agriculture University for this purpose. Priority has been assigned to diversification of agriculture. The area under horticulture and vegetables is proposed to be increased by 10,000 hectare and 70,000 hectare, respectively, in the next five years.
Haryana prides itself on the fact that it was one of the first states to opt for power sector reforms and converted its state electricity board into four separate companies way back in 1998. During the Tenth Plan, the state has set a target of creating additional capacity of 224.40 mw and has assigned priority to power generation and renovation works.
In the industry sector, Haryana spent 91.6 per cent of the Ninth Plan anticipated expenditure of Rs 450.28 crore for development of village and small-scale industries mainly in the form of loan assistance and infrastructure development. It adopted its new industrial policy in November 1999 with emphasis on areas like agro-based and food-processing industries, electronics, infotech, bio-technology, engineering and textiles.
During the Tenth Plan, the state plans to encourage private sector participation in industrial growth and focus on IT growth as a priority area.
The state spent about 60 per cent on the transport sector, on roads and bridges during the last Plan and took a loan assistance from Hudco and Nabard for road development programmes. During the Tenth Plan too, its thrust areas are improvement and expansion of the existing road infrastructure. It is making arrangements for more loans from Hudco and Nabard.
To move further towards realisation of Haryanas objective of universalisation of elementary education by 2010, the emphasis during the Tenth Plan would be on enrollment, retention, qualitative improvement and provision of infrastructure facilities with support from district development boards.
In the health sector, it plans to open 30 new sub-centres, 15 public health centres and 12 Community Health Centres in the next five years. New schemes, such as bio-medical waste management, development of IT and computerisation of records, setting up of regional diagnostic centres and drug de-addiction centres have also been proposed for the Tenth Plan.