Haryana achieves highest sex ratio since 1901

Written by Preeti Parashar | Chandigarh | Updated: Apr 7 2011, 06:12am hrs
Though Haryana achieved its highest sex ratio since 1901 at 877 females against 861 females per 1,000 males, yet it lags behind its neighboring states. As per the provisional data of Census 2011, the state has to initiatives to reach the level of sex ratio of neighboring states.

Recording a higher sex ratio than the national average of 940, Himachal Pradesh has achieved a sex ratio of 974 females per 1,000 males. Following the HP, Rajasthan has recorded a sex ratio of 926 while Uttar Pradesh stands at 908 females per 1,000 males. However, Delhi stands at 866; Uttarakhand recorded a sex ratio of 963 while Punjab has recorded a sex ratio of 893, which too is higher than that of Haryana.

Director, census operations Haryana Neerja Sekhar informed FE that Mewat district has recorded highest sex ratio of 906 followed by 903 in Fatehabad and 898 in Rewari. Lowest sex ratio of 853 has been recorded in Sonepat and Gurgaon followed by 861 in Panipat. She said that 20 districts of the state have sex ratio of child population below 880. On this front too though Haryana has recorded an increase from 819 in 2001 to 830 in 2011, it still is way below its neighboring states. Himachal takes the lead with a child sex ratio of 906 , UP stands at 899; Uttarakhand at 886. Rajasthan has achieved a child sex ratio of 883 while Delhi stands at 866. Even Punjab has a higher child sex ratio of 846 than Haryana.

Among the districts with highest child sex ratio of 0 to six years, Mewat has sex ratio of 903 followed by Palwal at 862 and Sirsa with 852. The lowest child sex ratio in 0 to six years age group has been recorded in Jhajjar district which is 774 followed by Mahendragarh-778 and Sonepat-790. All districts except Mahendergarh and Rewari have improved their sex ratio in this decade. Mahendergarh decreased by 24 points from 918 to 894 and Rewari decreased by one point from 899 to 898.Districts that had worst sex ratio in 2001 have shown maximum improvement this time. Panchkula-870, improved by 47 points, Faridabad-871, improved by 45 points and Panipat-861 also improved by 32 points. No district in the state is close to the national sex ratio.

Throwing light on the decadal population growth Sekhar said that Haryana has recorded a decadal population growth of 19.90% during 2001-11 as compared to 28.43% in the last decade of 1991-2001. Also, the state recorded a population density of 573 per square km in 2001-2011 as compared to 478 in 1991-2001. The percentage of population of 0 to six years age group to the total population has been recorded as 13.01 as compared to 15.77 in 2001. A maximum of improvement was reported in the sex ratio of 0 to six years in district Kurukshetra which increased from 771 in 2001 to 817 in 2011 followed by Sirsa where it improved from 817 in 2001 to 852 in 2011. The rate of percentage of decadal growth of all districts has come down except that of Gurgaon district.