The new capital they have raised isn't just to pretty up their balance sheets, which already showed Basel Tier-1 risk-adjusted capital ratios of 12 as of the end of their third quarters. (That's well above the 8.5 average for a peer group of major universal banks.) This capital can be deployed in promising investment situations that have been overlooked or shunned by their competitors.
They surely can see trading opportunities in the asset- backed securities market, where the liquidity seize-up has been severe for many months. With the new treasury-managed intervention to establish floors in the prices of these securities, trading opportunities will abound. Prices can only go up. Even if the plan isn't approved, there are still lucrative opportunities in asset-backed bonds, though these will require more diligent analysis, and no doubt a great deal of patience in realising the expected returns.
Besides these opportunities, there are corporations, private-equity concerns and governments that have been starved for credit to get on with what they need to do.
Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley will have funds to lend at good terms to deserving projects all around the world -- corporate restructurings, a market that has virtually halted since July 2007; large energy projects; infrastructure finance; mezzanine debt; and providing short-term capital until the nervous commercial-paper market returns to normal.
While they are gearing up for these efforts, their principal competitors are reorganising, integrating complex mergers, shoring up their own balance sheets after hundreds of billions in write-offs, and wondering what to say to their shareholders about the miserable performance of their stock prices over the past year.
Even while licking their wounds, the big banks will no doubt claim that their basic business model is sound. They will do this even after an eight-year period in which they have been caught up in bankruptcies (Enron, WorldCom, Parmalat), paid billions in fines and to defend lawsuits, faced scandals and shakeups. And this was all before the mortgage market crisis paralyzed UBS AG, Citigroup Inc. and Wachovia Corp. and sank the stock prices of most of the rest of them.
The reports of the death of Wall Street after Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley became bank-holding companies were greatly exaggerated. They are back in business much as they were before all this happened. But they are bigger now, with more bank-like resources.
The business model they are pursuing isn't to copy the big universal banks, but to become the most powerful and profitable wholesale banks in the industry, eschewing retail banking and deposit collecting, much in the manner of the original J.P. Morgan in the years before 1933.
Bloomberg / Roy C Smith