Though there was an agreement on the reform agenda for the last ten years, the only missing thing had been the will and direction to implement them, Mr Debroy said at a talk on Budget-2002 organised by Standard Chartered Bank.
The demand of the corporates to bring their tax structure on a par with that of individuals, it is unlikely to materialise in the present scenario where the government is not able to meet its budgeted tax collections, Mr Debroy said.
The same would be the case with the expectations that the excise duties would be cut. Even a move to claim that the three slabs have been brought down to one at 16 per cent may attract flak being indiscriminatory and against the interests of the disadvantaged sectors. It may make the finance minister not to make such a move, Mr Debroy said.
Fiscal deficit target is unlikely to be achieved this fiscal and it is likely to remain at 5.1 per cent of the GDP estimates for the current fiscal. Dwelling in detail about the issue of freedom the finance minister would have on the government finances, Mr Debroy said that 92 per cent of the Budget expenditure is out of his control, making the fiscal deficit base more on revenues. Rs 100,000 crore falls under non-plan expenditure, public debt and defence budget are Rs 150,000 crore and Rs 65,000 crore respectively, while the pensions to government staff are at Rs 15,000 crore. Confederation of Indian Industry director Dr Onkar Goswami cut the claims of the government that India had been posting the one of the highest GDP growth rates in ther world, into shreds.
He compared Indias GDP growth with Thailand, which has suffered a blow due to south Asian crisis since 1997 and not posted much of growth rates from then on, and said that the countrys GDP growth rate was founded on a low base.
Mr Goswami listed priorities that the finance minister should have in mind while preparing the present budget physical infrastructure, including roads and railways, complete rethink on agriculture, governance problems like health and education, social infrastructure and financial sector reforms, among others.