For one, with trade union membership restricted to less than 2% of the 450-million strong workforce, trade unions are anxious to spread their wingswitness the wave of strikes, often violent, in areas that dont have much of a history of unionism and, like the auto industry, even pay good wages. While the unions have a legitimate right to want to expand membership, it needs to be kept in mind that labour policies are determined by trade, not government. If Chinese workers are more efficient than Indian ones, the only way to stop Chinese imports from flooding the market is to reduce wage levels in Indiasince wages of permanent employees, often union members, cant be reduced, the only way to do this is for India Inc to hire more temporary workers at lower salaries. This also gives firms the much-needed flexibility in organising production. Studies show that greater trade competition leads to increasing casualisation of the workforce and that states with more union-friendly policies tend to have the slowest employment growth. This is the choice before Indias workforcefalling for the rhetoric of the labour aristocracy or worrying about more employment for themselves. Given the last five years have seen the highest ever increases in real wages12.8% per year for salaried women workers in rural areas for instancethe choice before labour seems pretty clear.