Many would likely link the progress to the Right to Education (RTE) Act, enacted in 2010. There is no doubt that the RTE, despite the many challenges it presents, could have contributed to climbing enrollment numbers. But, at the same time, the surge in private enrollment, led by the proliferation of private schools even in rural areas, has also helped the children press ahead. Given how there are still some states, like the better-performing West Bengal, where private school enrollment is below 10%, facilitating greater reach for the schools themselves and access for the students and their guardians could, no doubt, return even better results. However, the challenge now is also improving the quality of educationwhile country faces a huge shortage of trained teachers, only 37,000 of 7 lakh aspirants passed the Central Teacher Eligibility Test held in September.