The Bill establishes highway administrations and authorises its officers to enforce the provisions of the Act and establish tribunals against the orders of the highway administrations and their authorised officers.
It also provides for prevention of unauthorised occupation of highway land and removal of such encroachment, regulation of traffic, control of use of road land for public utilities and drains, besides issue of lease deeds for temporary use of NHs
The provisions will be enforced from a date to be notified in the road transport and highways ministry.
At present, NHs are governed by the National Highways Act, 1956 and the National Highways Authority of India Act, 1988. However, these enactments do not give powers to the Centre to prevent or remove encroachments on land under the national highways or to restrict access to them from the adjacent land, or to regulate traffic movement of any category of vehicles or animals on the national highways.