That presents us with a new problem: Which Wall Street firms can we trust to handle our investments Morgan Stanley Citigroup Inc Merrill Lynch & Co Goldman Sachs Group Inc
The quick answer seems to be: none.
Big-name firms hawked mortgage securities backed partly by loans so risky that they eventually saddled investment banks around the globe with losses totaling more than $500 billion. Clearly, the subprime business was out of control. The bosses at UBS AG, Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc and the rest hadnt a clue. The only people who knew what was going on were the traders themselves and the risk-management people, according to Robert Rubin, Wall Street veteran, former US Treasury secretary and now senior counselor at Citigroup, who was interviewed by Bloomberg Markets magazine recently.
I guess that will have to serve as an excuse for the industry. The whole investor populace seems to have gone naive, too. Who could have predicted that 42% of subprime loans underlying mortgage bonds sold in 2006 would be delinquent today, which is what Standard & Poors reported last week.
Following the warnings of Ernie Nicker, our chief trader, we were smart enough to avoid mortgage securities. But we did buy Merrill Lynch stock late last year after Temasek Holdings Pte, the Singapore government investment fund, bought a $5 billion stake. Ernie figured that deal and the sale of equity by other firms signaled a bottom of the subprime debacle.
Not so. Merrill shares kept falling. Merrill recognised Temaseks losses, giving the Singapore company a break when it later bought more shares. Ernie and your fund werent so lucky.
Wall Street proved no more trustworthy in the peddling of auction-rate debt, where the interest rates reset every so often. State regulators and the Securities and Exchange Commission have alleged that the banks told investors the securities were as liquid as cash. In February, the market for the securities froze.
Eight of our finest institutions, including JPMorgan Chase & Co and Wachovia Corp, have settled the allegations, agreeing to buy back debt and pay fines.
Regulators continue to investigate many other brokers who were involved in the sale of auction-rate debt. We may not be able to find an honest broker anywhere.
Ernie tells me none of this should have surprised me. It wasnt long ago that Wall Street was caught publishing phony stock research and letting favored chief executives in on hot initial public offerings. Mutual funds, the refuge of small investors, let some big investors trade after hours to the detriment of the little guys. The gloating on Wall Street after the fall of New York Governor Eliot Spitzer had less to do with his hiring a hooker than his pursuit of the banks when he was the states attorney general.
Ernie and I still think there are some bargains out there. To execute our orders, well just have to hold our noses and call some brokers.
Manager, Sophocles Value Fund
Bloomberg / David Pauly