These are the findings of the second national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) prepared by the ministry of environment and forests, towards fulfillment of the reporting obligation under the convention. The first national communication was submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat on June 22, 2004.
The report includes results of wide ranging national-level studies that provides details of climate change scenarios and its impacts on key sectors, such as water, agriculture, forestry, natural ecosystems, coastal regions, human health, energy, industry and human settlements.
The energy sector accounted for 67.4% of total GHG emissions, followed by agriculture at 23.3%, industrial processes at 6% and waste sector 3.4%.
The GHG Inventory has been reported as per the stipulated guidelines using prescribed methodologies by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
India is fully committed to its responsibilities towards global community. We have voluntarily reduced carbon emission, said environment minister Jayanthi Natarajan while releasing the report.
The report noted that climate change will be an additional stress on Indian forests, especially in Upper Himalayan stretches, which are already subjected to multiple challenges including over-extraction, livestock grazing and human impact. The assessment of climate impacts showed that at the national level, 45% of forested grids are likely to undergo changes.
In the report, a digital forest map of the country was used to determine spatial location of all the forested areas. This map was based on a high-resolution mapping, wherein the entire area was divided into over 1.65 lakh grids. Out of these, 35,899 grids were marked as forest grids along with the forest density and forest types.
The report says the sensitive grids are spread across India. However, their concentration is higher in upper Himalayan stretches, parts of Central India, northern western Ghats and Eastern Ghats. On the other hand, north-eastern forests, southern Western Ghats and the forested region of Eastern India are estimated to be the least vulnerable.