The Indian National Congress, often simply referred to as the Congress, is one of the oldest and most prominent political parties in India. It is a centrist political party that has played a significant role in India’s struggle for independence and in shaping the country’s political and social landscape since independence.
What is the full form of Congress?
The full form of Congress is the Indian National Congress, and it was founded on December 28, 1885, in Bombay (now Mumbai). The party was initially formed to provide a platform for Indians to voice their grievances against British colonial rule and to work towards achieving self-rule for India.
Who was the first president of Congress?
The first president of the Congress was Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee, who was elected at the party’s inaugural session in 1885.
Who founded Congress?
The Congress was founded by a group of Indian intellectuals and political leaders, including Allan Octavian Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji, Dinshaw Wacha, and Surendranath Banerjee, among others.
What was the original name of Congress?
The original name of the Congress was the Indian National Union, but it was later changed to the Indian National Congress.
What was the first symbol of the Congress?
The first symbol of the Congress was a pair of bullocks carrying a plough, which was also the symbol of the Janata Party, an opposition political alliance in the 1970s.
When was Congress declared illegal?
The Congress was declared illegal by the British colonial authorities on several occasions, the most famous being during the period of the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1922.
Who is called the father of Congress?
The title of the father of Congress is often attributed to Allan Octavian Hume, who was one of the founders of the party and played a crucial role in its early years.
How many times has the Indian National Congress been declared illegal?
The Indian National Congress was declared illegal several times during the colonial period, and it was also banned by the government during the Emergency period in the 1970s.
Which viceroy banned the Congress?
The Congress was banned by Lord Lytton, the Viceroy of India, in 1887, just two years after its formation.
In which year did Congress lose the majority in India?
The Congress lost its majority in India in the 2014 General Elections when the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won a decisive mandate and formed the government at the center.
Who is the first woman President of the Indian National Congress?
The first woman president of the Indian National Congress was Annie Besant, who was elected to the post in 1917.
Which states are ruled by Congress in India?
Currently, the Indian National Congress is in power in several states in India, including Punjab, Chhattisgarh, and Rajasthan.
Who is the leader of the Indian Congress?
The leader of the Indian National Congress is currently Sonia Gandhi, who is the president of the party.Read More