Pakistan is on the boil. Islamabad is burning. Pakistan’s government has called in the army to restore order after clashes between police and protesters belonging to hardline religious groups killed 6 people and injured more than 200 others in the capital. The police aided by paramilitary Rangers and Frontier Constabulary launched a massive operation against activists of Tehreek-i-Khatm-i-Nabuwwat, Tehreek-i-Labaik Ya Rasool Allah and Sunni Tehreek Pakistan religious groups who had blocked a key highway to Islamabad for nearly three weeks. Police and paramilitary forces fired tear gas and rubber bullets at the protesters to disperse them. However, the security forces pulled back after the crackdown turned deadly. But, why are these protests taking place and what protestors want from the Pakistani government? Here are all the details explained in a simple way:-
– The protesters have been laying siege to the capital for about three weeks demanding the removal of Law Minister Zahid Hamid for changes in a law related to the Khatm-i-Nabuwwat (finality of prophethood) oath in the Elections Act 2017.
– They alleged the action undermined Islamic beliefs and linked it to blasphemy.
– The government has already amended the law and restored the original oath but the hardline clerics refused to call off the protests until the minister is sacked.
– All news channels have been off-air and access to popular social media blocked. Pakistan Broadcasters Association (PBA) representing electronic media condemned the action against media.
-The unrest also spread to several cities where protesters have blocked major roads, resulting in clashes with police. Dozens of people were injured in Karachi and at other places.
– Minister of Interior Ahsan Iqbal chaired a high-level security meeting on Friday night but failed to reach at any decision about the further operation as senior officials of Islamabad administration and police warned to loss of human lives, according to sources in the interior ministry.
– The protesters emboldened by the failure of government upped the ante and demanded the resignation of the government.
-There are reports that ruling Pakistan Muslims League-Nawaz was discussing the option of removing law minister to pacify the protests. But it may be too late now. The minister is already under immense pressure after an attack at his residence in Pasroor area of Sialkot district in Punjab.
-Opposition Tehreek-e-Insaf have also increased pressure on government and its secretary general Jehangir Tareen demanded the resignation of interior minister for mishandling the operation.
Islamabad protests and clashes
At least six people were killed in clashes, Dawn reported. It also said that no security personnel was killed but at least nine senior police officers were injured including Rawalpindi city police chief Israr Abbasi. According to health officials, more than 200 people, including at least 95 security personnel, were injured in the clashes and shifted to various hospitals.
The Interior Ministry issued a statutory regulatory order to authorize the deployment of the army to control the law and order situation in the capital.
Official sources said Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi and Chief of Army Staff General Qamar Javed Bajwa are expected to hold a meeting to discuss the situation after the government sought deployment of the army in the capital. However, the army said it needed clarification on some points before moving in to control the situation.
General Bajwa was on a visit to the United Arab Emirates and cut short his trip to reach the country last night. Earlier, he spoke to Abbasi over the telephone and suggested to handle the protests peacefully avoiding violence from both sides as it is not in national interest and cohesion.