The US military flew advanced bombers and stealth jets over the Korean Peninsula and near Japan in drills with South Korean and Japanese warplanes today, three days after North Korea fired a missile over Japan. The United States often sends powerful military aircraft in a show of force in times of heightened animosities with North Korea. The North launched its latest missile as it protested against tough new UN sanctions over its sixth nuclear test on September 3.
Today’s flyovers over the Korean Peninsula involved two B-1Bs and four F-35Bs from the US military and four F-15K fighter jets from South Korea, according to the South Korean and US militaries. The US and South Korean planes practiced attacks by releasing live weapons at a firing range in South Korea, the US Pacific Command said in a statement. The US warplanes also conducted formation training with Japanese fighter jets over waters near the southern island of Kyushu, according to the Pacific Command. Since Kim Jong Un took power in North Korea in late 2011, his nation has tested weapons at a torrid pace. The country flight-tested two intercontinental ballistic missiles in July. Its nuclear test in September was its most powerful to date.
Many experts say it’s only a matter of time until Kim achieves his stated objective of possessing reliable nuclear- tipped missiles capable of striking anywhere in the mainland US. State media on Saturday quoted Kim as saying that North Korea’s final goal “is to establish the equilibrium of real force with the US and make the US rulers dare not talk about military option” for the North. Alarmed by North Korea’s advancing weapons programs, many conservatives in South Korea have called for the reintroduction of US tactical nuclear weapons in the South. But the liberal-leaning government of President Moon Jae-in said it has no intention of requesting that the US bring back such weapons.
South Korean Defence Minister Song Young-moo told lawmakers today that it is “not proper” to reintroduce US nuclear weapons. He previously said the idea should be “deeply considered” by the allies, inflaming already-heated debate on the issue. Meanwhile, China’s Communist Party newspaper today criticised the United States for demanding that Beijing put more pressure on North Korea to rein in its weapons programmes. “The so-called ‘China’s responsibility theory’ is essentially moral kidnapping,” the People’s Daily said in a commentary. It also noted that sanctions should not harm “legitimate economic and trade exchanges between North Korea and the outside world” and the lives of everyday people.
China accounts for about 90 per cent of North Korea’s trade and sends largely free crude oil shipments to the North. Beijing has been increasingly frustrated with North Korea’s nuclear drive, but it still does not want the North to collapse and cause a wave of refugees to cross the border into China and American troops to move into North Korea.
China’s foreign ministry said today that military threats being made by North Korea and the US were counterproductive. “Some related parties keep sending threatening messages both in words and deeds that include warnings of military actions to each other,” ministry spokesman Lu Kang told reporters at a regular briefing. “But actually, these kinds of actions did not help solving the problem but further complicate the situation, which do no good to the resolution of the peninsular issue.”
Instead, he said, the international community should strictly implement the sanctions imposed on North Korea by the UN Security Council. German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel also said in comments reported today by the Bild daily that the world should wait for the sanctions to bite, but that “visions and courageous steps” such as direct negotiations with North Korea are also needed.