A UN study of new sources of financing for its multi-billion-dollar aid operations is recommending a voluntary tax on football matches or concerts as one option to raise funds.
The report released today in Dubai also recommended tapping into Islamic social finance and mandatory alms-giving (zakat) as well as improving the transparency of relief operations to cut costs.
More wars and natural disasters over the past decade have sent the price tag for global UN aid efforts skyrocketing, from $2 billion in 2000 to $24.5 billion in 2015, according to the nine experts who drafted the report. At the same time, the UN is struggling to meet its funding appeals.
Last year, a funding shortfall forced UN agencies to cut food rations to 1.6 million Syrians living in refugee camps, a move now seen as having partly triggered the mass exodus of refugees to Europe.
“The world has never been so generous… and yet never has our generosity been so insufficient,” said European Commissioner Kristalina Georgieva, who chaired the panel along with Sultan Nazrin Shah of Malaysia.
Helping victims of catastrophe and war is “morally right and also in our own self-interest as the migrant crisis has shown,” she told reporters ahead of the release.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon was to present the report by the high-level panel on humanitarian financing during a visit to Dubai today.
The UN panel is proposing a three-pronged approach, starting with a fresh focus on reducing demand for humanitarian aid by beefing up conflict-prevention.
Also, the circle of donors must be broadened to find new donors – only five countries provide two-thirds of all public humanitarian aid.
One of the most concrete proposals from the panel is a new “solidarity levy” that countries would agree to apply to certain goods or services.
The new tax is modelled after Unitaid, a non-governmental organization that persuaded 10 countries to impose a small tax on airline tickets to generate funds to combat malaria and AIDS.
A tax on airline travel or fuel could help fund medical services in refugee camps or in areas hosting displaced civilians, said the report.
Georgieva said “a micro-levy on a massive volume is possible” on an array of transactions such as fuel, concerts, movies or sporting events.
The Bulgarian economist and EU budget commissioner said there had been exchanges with the scandal-tainted FIFA football federation on a possible contribution.