As the results of US Presidential elections are out, it is clear that Donald Trump will sit at arguably the most powerful seat in the World. Trump, according to the US constitution, will be the Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy of the country. It is an undeniable fact that the US is the world’s biggest economy with a very large armed force, supported on the shoulders of a formidable bureaucracy. The reason the constitution makes the President as the Commander in Chief is to provide a universal defence for the people of the United States. So it is paramount that Trump’s main focus after becoming the President should be to protect its people from the landscape of terror in many parts of the world and within.
President Trump will have in front of him a very complex foreign policy and national security policy than any other President, ever before. With the world more dangerous than what it was even during 9/11, and a declined federal budget on defence, the President will have to face global terror threats with higher risks. The United States is technically obliged to the world in a lot of ways, having the global reserve currency and also the capability to support the global financial system and the International Monetary Fund.
The stance of the US matters the most in areas like North Korea, Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Korea, South China Sea, Israel, NATO, and even Europe. The whole stability of the Gulf states depends on decisions made in the White house. Interestingly, America no longer enjoys the economy to support the global prominence the country could once achieve. So, Trump will have to rationalise the priorities regarding wars and nation building as it wishes to. Even Obama had acknowledged the loss of capital and blood, which cannot change with a mere change in leadership.
The expanse of ISIS and conflict in Syria is one of the major indicators of the failure of Obama and Bush. It will be Trump’s responsibility to decide on the US’ co-operation with Bashar Al-Assad in Syria and Russia as a whole, especially with the conflict going on in Aleppo. Agree or not, American policy is the central theme of the refugee crisis. When it comes to Russia, it is an especially tough task to decide the stand on the US-Russia relationship. An appeasement policy can lead to a loss of faith among allies, added to the fact that even Russia may not respond well, even if the US does not interfere in its interests. Trump can choose to mark a line at Nato and EU boundaries, eventually securing countries like Poland, Latvia, Finland, Estonia and Lithuania, which were once a part of the USSR. While this is a risk in itself, but if Trump chooses to impose more sanctions on Russia and interfere in matters in Moscow, it could lead to another Cold War or worse a nuclear war.
As it is, there is an imminent threat from North Korea too, with their erratic behaviour since decades, which have now led them to acquire nuclear weapons, which are speculated to threaten not only the US but also the neighbouring Japan and South Korea. The recent conflicts in the South China Sea zone, especially with the Chinese policy, the American decisions seem to be very acute. Even the new Philippines President, is making life difficult for the peacekeeping forces in the region. Keeping all of that in mind, Trump with all his bias should aim for a strategic relationship with China, if not for anything but at least to outweigh Russia and save many wars which could start any moment.
Now add to this, the US’ relationships with Mexico, Turkey, Iran and Cuba are incredibly important. In Iran and Cuba, Trump just needs to continue the brilliant work started by incumbent President Barack Obama. It is true that relations with Turkey have become strained in recent times, but nothing that a few diplomatic visits cannot fix. Mexico is going to be tricky, as the policy towards it will depend on a lot of aspects including the physical barrier that Trump had talked about in his campaigns.
All in all, let us consider some of the situations which need to be looked at by President Trump as soon as he joins as the President of the World’s biggest economy, which can arguably start or avoid a few major wars: Islamist attacks and its expanse beyond ISIS, Al Qaeda, Boko Haram, among others, Investigations of FBI of ISIS, North Korea’s erratic Kim Jong-un and their nuclear advancements, similar advancement in a very unstable Turkey, a very tricky nuclear deal with Iran especially with the rise of terror groups in the region, cyber warfare by the Chinese against the US government and very importantly China claiming South China Sea where major parts of world economy passes through.