Hurricane Matthew, the fiercest Caribbean storm in almost a decade, powered towards the Bahamas and the US coast early on Wednesday after battering Haiti and Cuba with torrential rain, wreaking havoc among the struggling Haitian population.
Dubbed by the UN the worst humanitarian crisis to hit Haiti since a devastating 2010 earthquake, the hurricane whipped Cuba and Haiti with 140 mile-per-hour (230 kph) winds on Tuesday, pummeling towns, farmland and resorts.
Hundreds of thousands of people were evacuated from the storm, which caused severe flooding and killed four people in Dominican Republic as well as at least two in Haiti, the two countries that share the island of Hispaniola.
A Category Four Hurricane through Tuesday, Matthew was downgraded to a Category Three storm early on Wednesday, the Miami-based National Hurricane Center (NHC) said.
Making it harder to assess the severity of the impact on Haiti, Matthew knocked out communications in many of the worst-affected areas, including the main bridge that links much of the country to the southwest peninsula.
There was particular concern over Haiti as tens of thousands of people are still living in tents and makeshift dwellings due to the 2010 earthquake, which killed more than 200,000 people.
Mourad Wahba, the UN Secretary-General’s Deputy Special Representative for Haiti, said “much of the population” had been displaced by Matthew and at least 10,000 were in shelter.
“Haiti is facing the largest humanitarian event witnessed since the earthquake six years ago,” he said.
Heifer International, a nonprofit organization working with farming families in Haiti, said farmland and businesses caught in Matthew’s path had been devastated by the storm.
The US government said it was ready to help the afflicted and around 300 US Marines set off on the USS Mesa Verde to provide disaster relief in Haiti, the Marines said in a tweet.
Initial reports from Cuban state media suggested the Communist island had not suffered especially severe damage.
Cuba’s government has traditionally made extensive efforts to cope with hurricanes, and authorities spent days organizing volunteers to get residents to safety and secure property.
Blowing sustained winds of 125 miles-per-hour (201 kph) by early Wednesday according to the NHC, Matthew thrashed the tourist town of Baracoa in the province of Guantanamo, passing close to the disputed US Naval base and military prison.
The US Navy ordered 700 spouses and children along with 65 pets of service personnel evacuated as the storm approached.
Santiago de Cuba, the second largest city, which lies in the southeast of Cuba, was not badly hit, state media said.
The eye of the storm was about 35 miles (56 km) north-northwest of the eastern tip of Cuba early on Wednesday, and Matthew is expected to be very near the east coast of Florida by Thursday evening after moving through the Bahamas, the NHC said.
Officials in the Bahamas urged residents to evacuate to higher ground, and the Ministry for Grand Bahama said on Facebook that government offices in New Providence and Grand Bahama had been closed on Tuesday until further notice.
Hurricane and tropical storm warnings were issued for parts of Florida as the storm moved north, the NHC said.
The National Weather Service said the threat to life and property was high, predicting winds of up to 70 mph (115 kph) and 4 inches (10 cm) of rain for parts of Florida.
Nikki Haley, the governor of South Carolina, declared a state of emergency, and ordered the evacuation of more than 1 million people from Wednesday afternoon.
Tropical storm or hurricane conditions could affect parts of Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina later this week, even if the center of Matthew remained offshore, the NHC said.