Hyderabad, once called the city of pearls, doesn’t have just history behind it. No city in Coastal Andhra or Rayalaseema matches Hyderabad in terms of the factors that contributed to the latter’s development.
1. These include plenty of land on the outskirts, availability of water, and good weather. Of these, the large tracts of arid land around Hyderabad have been the most significant factor.
2. All the growth in the city has happened away from the original Nizami Hyderabad, which has seen negligible development in the last 20 years and a dwindling population. The new areas of Hyderabad have been drawn from four neighbouring districts— Ranga Reddy, Mahbubnagar, Medak and Nalgonda — where all of what makes this one of India’s fastest-growing cities have come up — the IT corridor, SEZs, investment parks, an international airport, and new townships.
3. All development has happened in the suburban areas in neighbouring Ranga Reddy district, parts of which have been merged with the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation. This area has seen 100 per cent growth in the last two decades. It was possible because of abundance of government land which is either waste or barren, so it could be easily given for development. This is not the case with any city in Coastal Andhra or Rayalaseema, where land is fertile and cultivated, and thus, not available for other activities,” says Dr C Ramachandraiah, a faculty at the Centre for Economic and Social Studies in Hyderabad.
4. Hyderabad is the cash cow of Andhra Pradesh, contributing a little over 44 per cent of the state’s revenues. During discussions in the Assembly, a note from the Andhra Pradesh Finance Department was circulated which stated that the state’s revenue in 2012-13 was Rs 77,548 crore. Of this, Hyderabad and adjoining Ranga Reddy district contributed approximately Rs 34,300 crore. The rest of Telangana, excluding Hyderabad and Ranga Reddy, contributed Rs 21,358 crore while Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema contributed Rs 21,538 crore.