Damaged blood vessels in eye and kidney early signs of risky heart rhythm

PTI Posted online: Saturday, Nov 23, 2013 at 0000 hrs
Washington : People with damage in the small blood vessels of the retina and kidneys are at increased risk to develop the most common type of abnormal heart rhythm, a new study has warned.

Atrial fibrillation raises the risk of stroke and causes heart-related chest pain or heart failure in some people.

Researchers in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC) followed 10,009 middle-aged people for an average 13.6 years.

Atrial fibrillation developed at a rate of 5.7 incidents per 1,000 person-years in those with no retina or kidney changes.

There were 8.9 incidents per 1,000 person-years in those with signs of small vessel damage in the retina, such as micro-bleeds or micro-aneurysms.

There were 16.8 incidents per 1,000 person-years in those with signs of vessel damage in the kidneys, allowing tiny amounts of protein to be released into their urine (micro-albuminuria) and 24.4 incidents per 1,000 person-years in those with both retinopathy and micro-albuminuria.

Though reasons for the association are unclear, changes in other vascular beds may serve as a representation of coronary micro-vascular changes and the observed association may be mediated via inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, autonomic dysfunction, and electro-mechanical remodelling, the researchers said.

The research was presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2013 in Dallas.