While the world is grappling with the menace of Malaria—according to the World Health Organization (WHO), there were 214 million new cases with 438,000 deaths in 2015—Sri Lanka has done what only one other country in the world has been able to achieve. According to a report in The Times of India, Sri Lanka is the second country after Maldives to be certified malaria-free by the WHO. While the country has not reported a single case since 2012, the transformation comes on the back of a strategy shift that the country made in the 1990s. As per a paper published in the Malaria Journal in 2014, the country has been able to do this by not only targeting the mosquito but also by targeting the parasite. It had established mobile malaria clinics across high transmission areas in the country to curb transmission and increase community engagement.
While India has driven down malaria rates—WHO data shows that since 2000, the country has more than halved the number of malaria cases, down from 2 million to 882,000 in 2013—the country can certainly follow Sri Lanka’s example in vector-parasite control to tackle dengue and chikungunya menace.