After coming to power in 2014, the NDA government led by prime minister Narendra Modi has launched a series of social schemes and has increased allocation to the ongoing schemes like MGNREGA and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.
The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, which was launched on October 2, 2014 has made impressive progress.
The government has already built over 3 crore household toilets in rural areas and over 1.5 villages are now open defecation free. Similarly, in urban areas close to 3 lakh individual toilets have been built and 484 cities are now open defecation free. The programme includes elimination of open defecation, conversion of unsanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, eradication of manual scavenging, etc.
In Soil Health Card though, through which farmers get information about nutrient level of the soil and can make judicious use of fertilisers, the progress has been slow. The total outlay for the scheme in the 12th Plan is R568.54 crore, and about R96 crore has been released to the states. The government has collected soil samples from 2.56 crore farms, tested the soil in 1.76 crore farms and has given soil health cards to 4.93 crore people.
As for MGNREGA, two years of consecutive droughts in 2014 and 2015 and rural distress forced the NDA government to revive the scheme. It increased the allocation from R37,000 crore in FY16 to R48,000 crore in FY18(BE). MGNREGA’s performance has also started looking up and in FY16, the person day generation was 235 crore and in FY17 (till January) it is 181 crore.
In Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, the pace of roads accelerated to 133 km per day in FY17, against an average of 73 kn per day during 2011-14.