Yuan heads for 1% rise in 2012, more volatility seen in 2013
The yuan was trading at 6.2295 per dollar at midday, up from Friday's close of 6.2335. If it goes on to close at the midday level, it will end up 1.03 percent for the year.
Volume dropped to $5.9 billion from a heavy $7.9 billion on Friday morning. The People's Bank of China (PBOC) strengthened its midpoint to 6.2855 from Friday's 6.2896. The exchange rate is allowed to diverge by only 1 percent in either direction from the central bank's daily midpoint.
The world's second-largest economy saw a sharp growth slowdown this year thanks to both internal and external factors, both of which influenced the yuan. The euro zone debt crisis had an outsize impact on the yuan, both by shrinking exports and pushing the dollar up in global markets. At the same time, economic restructuring limited the willingness of regulators to growth boost through infrastructure investment.
The economy is expected to begin a lacklustre recovery in 2013 as Beijing attempts to stimulate consumption to offset the impact of enduring weak demand from trading partners. This will prevent the yuan from appreciating sharply, traders said. The yuan is now up 33 percent since its landmark revaluation in mid-2005, and the government, traders and many economists
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