The UPA government's reform agenda received a shot in the arm on Friday as a motion against the proposal to allow foreign direct investment (FDI) in multi-brand retail was defeated in the Rajya Sabha, with Mayawati’s Bahujan Samaj Party voting in favour of the government.
Emboldened by its victory in both Houses of Parliament (it won the vote on FDI in retail and related amendments to regulations in the Foreign Exchange Management Act in the Lok Sabha on Wednesday), the government expressed confidence that it may be now be able to push more reforms in banking, insurance and pension sectors in the remaining 10 days of Parliament’s winter session.
“Certainly, we are going to bring in more legislation in coming weeks in Parliament and we will be engaging all political parties on it,” an exuberant parliamentary affairs minister Kamal Nath said after the FDI vote in Rajya Sabha.
A total of 123 Rajya Sabha members voted against the motion – moved by AIADMK member V Maitreyan — opposing 51% FDI in multi-brand retail, while 109 voted in favour. This sets the stage for global supermarkets like Walmart and Stockmann to enter the country’s fast-growing, $450-billion retail sector.
Stock markets largely ignored the news with the Sensex closing 63 points lower at 19,424.10 on Friday, possibly as the victory was discounted into the stock prices. The government justified FDI in multi-brand retail as being beneficial for the economy; drawing foreign investment, helping set up efficient supply chains, reducing wastage and combating inflation. The government rejected the Opposition’s stand that the move would hit small retailers and kirana shops.
The government’s victory in the Rajya Sabha, where the UPA lacks a majority on its own, came with the help of the 15-member BSP, which had walked out of the Lok Sabha during voting on the issue but voted with the government. The Samajwadi Party, which has nine members in the House, staged a walkout expressing dissatisfaction over commerce minister Anand Sharma's reply. The UPA has 94 members in the Rajya Sabha, which has an effective strength of 244.
Sachin Tendulkar, the nominated member who is playing Test match in Kolkata, Murli Deora (Congress), who is unwell, and rebel BJD leader Pyari Mohan Mahapatra were absent.
But their absence did not create any problem for the ruling alliance.
With the government crossing a big hurdle by getting parliamentary approval for the FDI proposal, all