in urban areas, especially in the big cities. Migration issues should be factored into city development plans geared to realise the goals of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission and the Rajiv Awas Yojana. Night shelters as well as working womenís and menís hostels could be incorporated in city development plans.
There are a host of laws on labour issues but these are inadequate to deal with the conditions migrant have to face. The Inter-state Migrant Workmen Regulation Act, 1979, which deals with contractor-led movement of inter-state migrant labour, is not enforced either. Moreover, while a segment of migrant workers moves along with contractors, many also move independently, through the network of family, friends and kin. More importantly, migration should not be seen merely as a law enforcement and governance issue. It must be integrated with development concerns.
The writer is professor and head, Department of Migration and Urban Studies, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai.