The UPA government is all set to push for the reintroduction of a non-lapsable railway safety fund (RSF) pegged at Rs 66,000 crore, the largest safety fund in the history of Indian railways. The previous RSF with a corpus of R17,000 crore was started by the NDA government in 2002-03 by the then railway minister Nitish Kumar which lapsed on April 1, 2008.
The proposed RSF will go towards the renewal of over-aged assets of track, bridges, signalling gear and rolling stock within a fixed time frame of 5-6 years.
To raise the required money for the proposed RSF, the railways is mulling over several options including raising money through railway bonds and levying safety cess on passenger tickets as suggested by former rail minister Dinesh Trivedi. Sources said the rail ministry may rope in the financing arm of Indian railways — Indian Railway Finance Corporation (IRFC). “The option is to allow IRFC to come out with a bond issue. Around R10,000 crore could easily be raised through IRFC,” said a railway officer.
Other options before the railway ministry include commitment of dividend-free grant by the finance ministry (around R20-24,000 crore spread over the next 5-6 years) and a contribution from the Central Road Fund (R5,000-6,000 crore). The rail ministry will also contribute from the ‘Railway Safety Works Fund’ (maintained by the finance ministry), out of the dividend payable to general revenues. The ministry is also in favour of imposing a small safety cess (between R5 to R10) on railway tickets to generate upto to R10,000 crore annually.
Sources in the rail ministry told FE that the RSF was earlier pegged at R40,000 crore which has now been scaled up to R66,000 crore at the behest of the new rail minister whose focus are is the upgrade of critical safety infrastructure in railways rather than announcing big-ticket projects.
“The minister has taken note of the current finances of railways and is understood to be exploring various sources raise the money for this fund. The ministry of finance would soon be approached for a grant for this safety fund as it was done in 2002,” said