the long run, and put India again at the forefront. “The essential element of this new federal spectrum architecture is that the norm for spectrum use should be sharing, not exclusivity. Technological innovations of recent years make this transformation eminently possible” (2012 report of the US). Spectrum would then be managed not by fragmenting, but by specifying large frequency bands that can accommodate a wide variety of compatible uses and new technologies that are more efficient with large blocks of spectrum. The US report recently submitted clearly specifies the roadmap.
In the world today, more devices are connected to the internet than there are people in the world. As internet usage grows, these devices are supposed to grow too, and it will become as simple to use them as the TV. However, the use of internet for video-streaming, movies, social networking (Facebook,Twitter and the like), Web 3.0, etc, is increasing the demand for bandwidth. It has to be understood that the internet was not initially designed for all these usages, but only for surfing, and the new usage would lead to a changed internet design. Currently, the multiple formats, devices and protocols limit the quality of visual experience. Let’s take movies. They are bandwidth hungry, and the way internet works is different from TV. Every time somebody watches a movie, there is a computer somewhere that sends it. If the movie is in higher quality, it might have 10 times as many tracks. In TV, you send your TV show to the satellite, which beams it down and it does not matter how many watch it, the cost is the same. It does not matter what bandwidth they have at home, it works. On the internet, every different device costs money. The last-mile bandwidth is not the same everywhere. You have to code in different formats and every additional user costs money. Entrepreneurs can find the most viable route for such activities if we move to converged/unified licensing, and coordinate routing on TV broadcasting/ broadband use.
People expect a mobile device to work just as fast as their laptop. That is not