The inaugural Times Higher Education BRICS & Emerging Economies Rankings 2014 have highlighted China’s ‘utter dominance’ in the higher education sector. Though India is nowhere near its neighbour, 10 of its institutes figure in the top 100 list, which was published Tuesday after analysing institutes from 22 countries.
China has claimed four of the top 10 slots, and 23 of the top 100. The country’s Peking University leads the rankings and Tshingua University is second. Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, has notched up 21 slots.
The Indian tally is led by Chandigarh’s Panjab University, which has claimed the thirteenth place, ahead of six IITs that stand between No. 30 and No. 47. A high citation record is seen as the reason behind PU’s success. Other Indian institutes on the list are Jadavpur University (No. 47), Aligarh Muslim University (No. 50) and Jawaharlal Nehru University (No. 57).
Phil Baty, editor of the Times Higher Education Rankings, told The Indian Express: “Its elite group of specialist institutions, the IITs, do well overall, but India has perhaps been so focused on meeting the extremely high demand for additional university places that it has allowed quality to suffer. Student numbers have exploded, but quality has not been maintained.”
“There are wider concerns about teaching in India — ensuring graduates have up-to-date skills for the job market, and can think creatively and prepare for an uncertain future,” he said, adding that Indian institutions needed a “stronger research culture”.
The rankings also threw up some surprises. Turkey has claimed three places in the top 10 and seven in the top 100. Russia, however, has only two institutes on the list. No institute from Pakistan, Indonesia and Philippines made it to the list.
Baty said China’s “utter dominance” should “serve as a warning to the other BRICS that they risk losing out in the global race if they do not put further energy and resources into developing their universities to compete with the very best”.
The rankings are based on thirteen indicators such as industry income, innovation, teaching, learning environment, citations, students, etc.
Apart from the BRICS nations, the rankings also considered countries classified as emerging economies by the FTSE — a provider of economic and financial data.