Strike balance between employment & growth
The country has a labour pool of over 45 million, while the 11th Five Year Plan aims to create new job opportunities to the tune of 58 million. The government has kicked off a number of schemes, aimed at creating employment opportunities—both in rural and urban areas—in the last five years.
The Survey has also said that in case the country gets the skill development act right, it would be harnessing a demographic dividend. However, India would reap the benefits of this only after 2020 when ‘minors’ attain the working age. As per the survey, the proportion of population in the working age group of 15-64 years is increasing steadily and is expected to touch 68.4% in 2026, from the level of 63% in 2006.
Most developed and developing countries, including China, would witness a surge in ageing population and a significantly low working-age population. The Survey also pointed out that the employment growth in the organised sector has declined between 1994 and 2005. The survey also underlined the need to review labour laws and labour market rules.
As per the 11th Plan, employment in manufacturing sector is expected to grow at
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