On an average, 4 to 5 million new professionals below 25 years of age join the workforce in India every year.
This workforce needs to draw up the right financial strategy right from the beginning in order to make the best of their earnings while not compromising on the lifestyle that they desire and deserve.
Here is how a typical, 25-year-old, single male, earning about Rs 3 lakh a year should plan for a secure future. Letís name him Rahul.
Early bird: With all the primary household expenses taken care by his parents, Rahul could easily save up to 25 per cent of his earnings right from the first month. This will enable him to tap the power of compounding with this savings in the long-term.
Long Term: He can choose debt investment instruments that offer tax rebate as part of a long term investment plan. He could also explore options like ELSS and also opt for SIP in order to even out market fluctuations in the long run. This works best for young professionals who do not have much financial commitments.
Health Insurance: Though youth is synonymous with health and fitness some ailments and conditions come unannounced for which Rahul will have to plan. Taking a health insurance cover of Rs 1,00,000 with a premium of Rs 10,000 annually will be adequate and also provide tax benefits under Section 80D.
Credit cards/ Debts: Rahul will need to use credit cards judiciously, make regular full payments to avoid high interest rates.
Emergency Funds: This is a must in case of sudden emergencies like a job loss, a family emergency or other critical situations.
Rahul is now 30, earning Rs 6 lakh a year. He is also married and his father has retired.
Marriage heralds the beginning of financial responsibility as one starts a family. Additionally, in the case of Rahul his father cannot support as he is living on his pension. He would now need to become more responsible and also be in a position to extend any financial support needed for his parents.
Life insurance: He will have to work out the exact amount of life cover that he needs and then take policies accordingly. Typically a cover of Rs 30 lakh, for a premium paying tenure of 20 years will have a monthly premium of Rs 11,000 is adequate in this circumstance.
Investment planning: This is the right time for Rahul