Workers at three of Spain's bailed-out banks will stage strikes in coming weeks as they fight mass layoffs, unions said on Monday, spreading industrial unrest to a sector where walkouts have so far been rare.
Spain was forced to ask Europe for up to 100 billion euros ($132.9 billion) to help its weakest banks last year and four of the lenders it took over, including Bankia, have to cut thousands of jobs and shrink their balance sheets as a condition of their rescue.
While the banks, crippled by a property bubble that burst five years ago, have hogged headlines, employees have so far mostly kept a low profile even as protests become a way of life elsewhere in Spain.
But about 20,000 layoffs planned for 2013, almost 10 percent of the total, could reduce the workforce to levels last seen in 1975, data from the unions showed - the year dictator General Francisco Franco died, marking the start of the country's transition to democracy.
Alarmed at the scale of cuts, employees from across the industry will demonstrate on Jan. 23, while workers from Bankia, Banco de Valencia and NovaGalicia Banco will strike on Feb. 6 and hold partial strikes before then.
Unions blasted the planned cutbacks, saying they were unaware that Brussels had set out conditions imposing specific numbers of job reductions.
"You can't threaten employees with redundancies that will be compensated with up to 20 days pay for every year worked, and then claim that these entities have a value ... the viability (of the entities) is being put at risk," said Jose Maria Martinez, secretary general of the finance segment of the Comisiones Obreras union.
Employees at Bankia have already staged some small demonstrations in the past few weeks, gathering near the group's headquarters in Madrid for example, while workers at other smaller banks such as Caja 3, now owned by Ibercaja, began industrial action in December with 15-minute work breaks.
But the protests are snowballing and becoming more visible, as bankers take to the street and join judges, doctors, bus drivers and garbage workers as strikes become almost a daily occurrence across recession-bound Spain.
Bankia, which took 18 billion euros in European aid and had to be rescued by the Spanish government in 2012 only a year after it listed on the stock market, is making the biggest cuts, of around 6,000 jobs, as it shuts about 1,000 branches.
Not all of the positions will be