Small, marginal landholdings up by 42,000
Unlike the all-India trend of a declining average size in operated holdings, small and marginal farmers were leaving agriculture in Punjab by either selling their land or leasing it out. The number of operational landholdings which was 12 lakh in 1990s, fell to 10 lakh over a decade as two lakh farmers left farming. This trend of reverse tenancy continued in the last decade. But in 2010-11 census, joint landholdings have fallen drastically by 74 per cent, from 6387 in 2005-06 to 1620 in 2010-11 and institutional by 35 per cent, from 1449 to 934 while individual landholdings have jumped by 5 per cent to 10.5 lakh. Within individual holdings, the number of large landholdings (10 hectares and above) have fallen from 70960 to 68642 during these five years. Of the total 10.5 lakh landholdings, just 9679 are held by women. In case of joint and institutional landholdings, there are none.
Punjab State Farmers Commission attributes the new trend to fragmentation of farms. “The earlier
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