Weak execution record and rich valuation cloud positives
Stake divestment to pressure stock; mines are long-term. We see government divestment of its 9.5% stake in NTPC as a potential stock overhang given the weak execution at NTPC, its rich valuation and that re-allocation of three coal-mines is only a long-term catalyst at best.
A potential hike in the float to 25% (15.5%) could pressure the shares and has been one reason for our Underperform rating. The government is working to hike LIC's investment limit to 30% vs 10% as LIC, which bought most of the qualified institutional placement (QIP) in NTPC’s last follow-on public offer (FPO) already owns over 6%.
The NTPC stock has underperformed the market by 18% YTD (year-to-date) despite it being a consensus Buy (55% brokers).
We reiterate our non-consensus Underperform (13% brokers), as its slow growth (9% till '17e) on poor execution may de-rate its expensive regulated utility multiples (1.6x P/BV—price-to-book value) esp. given that a peaked FY14e (estimates) RoE (return on equity) of 13.8%, negative FCF (free cash flow) and lower yield (3% vs SJVN's 5%), could cap upside apart from government divestment.
Govt to divest 9.5% stake; Will mine catalyst work? NTPC’s last FPO in Feb’10 was subscribed by LIC, which bought 50% of the offer (2.5% of 5% offered) i.e. the entire QIB portion at R209/share (vs floor at R201). Post-FPO, LIC sold 39% in one month. The stock is now trading at 22% below the LIC FPO bid price. To create catalysts, government announced the return of three cancelled coal mines with reserves of 826mt ahead of divestment. This is only a long term trigger as these mines are unlikely start meaningful production before FY15. Meanwhile, EPS growth is likely to slow materially over FY14-17e on poor execution, fuel issues and delay in equipment orders.
Negative catalysts are: (i) delay in capex–management almost halved NTPC FY13-17e group new capacity, which adds to execution delays by its Russian vendors & bulk order, impacting its PAT/RoE (profit after tax/return on equity) growth, (ii) fuel shortages impacting incentives/RoE,