Revolution or renaissance?

May 25 2014, 12:06 IST
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SummaryThink of the election results not as a revolution or a futuristic event, but more as a renaissance — a rebirth, a restoration.

The Marquess of Salisbury, the last prime minister of Great Britain to sit in the House of Lords, once said to Queen Victoria, “Why does everyone talk about change? Aren’t things bad enough as they are?”

Something similar seems to be the sentiment in the Congress party when everyone asks them to change. Why change when you are comfortable with defeat, since you can always look back to the glory days? You can just reassure yourself that those days will return. Just look at history.

The Congress has a forgetful relationship with its own history. It thinks it is a 129-year-old party going back to 1885. Of course that party was broken in 1969 by Indira Gandhi, who was again expelled in 1977 and founded her own party in 1978. That party, the Indian National Congress (Indira), lurched to its latest crisis last week. Thus a party of 129 or 45 or 36 years has hit the skids. But it is not the fault of the dynasty. After all, no dynasty member has been a PM for 25 years. Will the future ever see a PM from the dynasty? Will Dr Manmohan Singh go down in history as the last Congress PM?

Old parties have disappeared before. The Liberal Party of Britain won a landslide victory in 1905 and twice more. Then it split, lost an election in 1924 and was never elected to office for the rest of the century. Longevity is not immortality.

Think of the election results not as a revolution or a futuristic event, but more as a renaissance — a rebirth, a restoration. As some shrewd people have observed, we are back to 1952. Then there was a single dominant party and all other parties were dwarves. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was constantly admonished by the opposition parties for not doing enough for their growth. He used to apologise as he could not help trouncing them election after election. He won three elections convincingly and then the troubles began. In 1967, the opposition parties spread their wings. Indira Gandhi promptly chopped them off in 1971. Again they rose in 1977, phoenix-like, and died three years later. After one more success, the Congress never recovered its past glory after 1989. The outlook is hopeless 25 years later.

But look at the winner. The BJP is now the ‘Big Beast’ dwarfing others. There is not even an official opposition. Modi talks of embracing

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