spending incurred by US-based global retail giant Wal-Mart Stores in the US on various issues including its entry into the Indian market generated a heated political debate in India.
A number of US companies have been lobbying in the recent past with their own lawmakers to seek their help in pushing further their business interests in India, which is emerging as a major market for various businesses for global companies.
Similarly, some Indian companies have also been lobbying for their business interests among the US lawmakers for past few years while Reliance Industries has been one of the major Indian entities lobbying there.
In the recent years, RIL has expanded its presence in the US and other foreign countries, while the US government's policies are as such said to have significant implications for most of the large corporations across the world.
RIL's behalf, BGR has lobbied with the US Senate, House of Representatives, Department of State and the US Government Accountability Office, among others.
BGR has lobbied for RIL in the areas of 'domestic and foreign trade' and has provided "strategic counsel on issues related to trade", as per its lobbying disclosure reports.
In the first eight quarters of its lobbying activities (from 2009 to 2010) in the US, RIL had paid USD 190,000 every quarter, while the payments made to BGR later dropped to USD 120,000 in the last three quarters (between January to September 2011) when some lobbying work was done.
The Indian government has paid its lobbyist close to USD five million (about Rs 25 crore) since it began lobbying in the US in September 2005. It has paid USD 180,000 (about Rs one crore) every quarter to its lobbyist for more than two years now.
On behalf of the Indian government, BGR has lobbied at the US Senate, House of Representatives, US Trade Representative (USTR), Department of State and Department of Commerce in the area of bilateral relationship between the two countries, while its lobbying issues in the past have included the US-India civil nuclear deal.
In case of Nasscom, its main lobbying areas now include visa and employee immigration issues of various