When RBI tightened monetary policy by dramatically hiking the Marginal Standing Facility rates on Monday, the idea was to prevent people from punting on the rupee. Since bond market rates were low, even a small depreciation makes arbitrage profitable. So, government sources said, and the Prime Minister reiterated at Assocham yesterday, that once the rupee stabilised, RBI could consider rolling them back. The move helped on the first day and the rupee snatched back 52 paise on Tuesday as compared to Monday’s close. But on Friday, with rupee closing at 59.33, it is not clear the move has helped. The rupee closed at 59.39 on July 1, went all the way down to 60.7 on the 8th but recovered to 59.82 on Monday before RBI took its actions—in other words, it is not clear there was a sharp fall that needed drastic action. More important point, if the measures aren’t reversed soon, chances are they could boomerang. Apart from the fact consumption is still fragile and needs lower interest rates to boost it especially since economic growth is still sluggish, high interest rates are making life even more difficult for India Inc. At a different level, a hike in interest rates cause capital losses in debt mutual funds, and so discourage savings in financial assets.
It is early days yet, but there are confusing signals being sent. Since the idea behind the Monday night policy was to suck out liquidity, the window given to banks to borrow R2.16 lakh crore at the repo rate on Tuesday ensured no liquidity got sucked out and banks are comfortable for another week. On Wednesday, a R12,000 crore T-Bill auction (plus another R6,000 crore of state-government paper) which would have sucked out liquidity, got no bidders as RBI refused to accept the high yields being bid; ditto for the open market operations on Thursday where just R2,500 crore of bids were accepted as compared to the R12,000 crore planned; and on Friday, RBI’s planned R15,000 crore of bond auctions saw R3,520 crore devolving on the primary dealers. RBI may be right in not accepting higher