India has been placed at a low 78th slot on a global Human Capital Index, which ranks countries on the basis of economic potential of their labour force, while Switzerland has topped the ranking.
According to the list of total 122 countries released here today by the Geneva-based World Economic Forum (WEF), India has been ranked lower than three of its BRICS peers -- China (43rd), Russia (51st) and Brazil (57th), while South Africa is placed at 86th place.
While India has scored well on human capital index parameters like workforce and employment, it has fared poorly for health and wellness of its labour force, WEF said.
According to the report, low scores on sanitation and hygiene, as also second-to-bottom rank on the health gender gap indicator are some of the variables driving down the overall human capital ranking for the country.
Among the top-ten, Switzerland is followed by Finland, Singapore, Netherlands, Sweden, Germany, Norway, UK, Denmark and Canada, while the US is ranked 16th.
Yemen has been placed last at 122nd position, while Pakistan is ranked 112th.
WEF said that its Human Capital Index is a new tool designed to measure how countries manage human capital endowments and the countries have been ranked on the basis of the long-term economic potential of their respective labour forces.
The list measures countries on their ability to develop and deploy healthy, educated and able workers through four distinct pillars -- education, health and wellness, workforce and employment, and enabling environment.
According to the report, a nation's human capital endowment - productive skills and capacities - can be a more important determinant of long-term economic success than virtually any other resource.
"The key for the future of any country and any institution lies in the skills and talent of its people," WEF Founder and Executive Chairman, Klaus Schwab, said.
"In the future, human capital will be the most important kind of capital. Investing in people is not just a nice to have and it is imperative for growth, prosperity and progress," he added.