Microfinance to the world's poorest falls, India's Andhra Pradesh leads drop
According to the state of the latest microcredit summit campaign report, in 2011, microfinance providers reached fewer people living in extreme poverty than they did in 2010.
This marks the first time since the campaign started recording Institutional Action Plans in 1998 that both the total number of clients and the number of poorest families reached declined from one year to the next, the report said.
India accounts for almost all of the reduction in clients worldwide, the report said. In 2011, there were 14 million fewer poorest clients in India than in 2010.
"Most of these reductions come from Andhra Pradesh, where fast growth led to overlending, cases of harsh collection practices, and heavy regulation from the state government.
Many MFIs and banks stopped lending to microfinance clients and self-help groups as a result," the report said.
Moreover, there is investor wariness as banks and other investors in India and other countries curtailed their investments in microfinance.
In order to be more effective, microlenders should tap the potential benefits of technology, which in turn is likely to cut costs, improve client privacy, bridge physical distance and improve quickness of loan disbursement.
A survey of more than 147 developing countries found that 1.7 billion people do not have a bank account but do have a mobile phone.
"If we want
Be the first to comment.